Approximately 20% of all couples trying to conceive will not achieve pregnancy within the first year. For these couples, male factor infertility may be the cause of difficulty getting pregnant, and conditions affecting the male reproductive system may need to be addressed.
There are many factors that may contribute to male infertility. The main causes of infertility in men are testicular problems, problems with sperm transport, hormonal complications, and ejaculatory problems. Any one of these fertility complications may hinder a couple's chances of getting pregnant. However, there are infertility treatments available to help couples who are trying to conceive. Read an overview of symptoms that may indicate a male fertility problem and may require further diagnosis.
Some of the most common male infertility complications include structural problems, which may either be genetically inherited or otherwise have developed as a result of other factors. Erectile dysfunction or impotence is also related to infertility; however, this condition alone is not generally considered to be a cause of infertility.
Other male fertility problems include problems affecting sperm health which may be a result of hormonal imbalances or sperm transport and sperm production problems. Some common conditions experienced by men having trouble conceiving include hypogonadism, azoospermia, vericocele, and anti sperm antibodies. Some common diagnoses of male infertility include Klinefelter's Syndrome and Epididymitis.